Terminologies Used in The Field of Leatherwork

There are numerous terminologies in leatherwork. The leather artist must understand these terms. He should completely know their meanings in order that he could be a chief or exponent in the field. Some of these terms in leatherwork are discussed.

Appliqué is a decorative method in leatherwork whereby a cut out design is glued to the surface of the leather and sewn around it. Vintage is a decorative therapy given to leather. It involves the giving of the leather a mellowed impact for it to look like an historical piece.

Bakometer is a hydrometer used for determining the precise gravity of tanning solutions. Bazaar is the selling of a wide range of products in leatherwork in a shop or store. Burnishing is a finishing approach in leatherwork that involves the making of the surface of the leather shiny by means of rubbing its surface with a smooth instrument equivalent to a bottle, the disc of a spoon, etc. Blushing is the dulling or mottling of the finish of the leather resulting from condensed moisture during drying of the finish.

Channel is a slanting lower made around the fringe of an outsole or insole to provide a groove for the stitching and to keep the line of the thread under the surface of the leather. Checking is the separation of leather or composition heel lifts from each other. Crop is a side with the stomach trimmed off. Crocking is the switch of end or color when leather is rubbed with a wet or dry cloth. Currying is a process of treating tanned hides with oils and greases to arrange them for a belting sole, harness leather etc.

Dyeing is a decorative strategy of making use of a liquid colouring agent to the leather material in a decorative method to create pleasing effects on the leather. Dubbing/Dubbin is a mixture of oils and fat for stuffing leather.

Embossing is the creation of raised patterns on leather as a decorative effect. It may be done either by heating the surface of the leather with a stamping tool or by laying a cut out hardboard design and laying the leather on it. Exhibition is a public display of products with the intention to entice viewers and buyers. Eyelet is an annular ring of metal or different materials inserted in leather to provide a durable ring for lacing.

Goring is a woven fabric with rubber threads forming an elastic material. It’s used as an insert in footwear. Incision is an ornamental method entails reducing the thickness of the leather round a marked out design on a leather materials by chipping away or reducing off, the same as with wood or other materials. In-laying is an ornamental method entails the chopping out of a drawn design (i.e. positive areas) and placing a new coloured leather piece under the cutout design thus, in-laying. The in-laid leather piece is maintained in position either by stitching, sewing or gluing. Lacing- This is the fastening together of a leather piece with a lace (an ornamental open work that employs thread.)

Marbling is an ornamental method whereby a bit of leather is crumpled and dyes are sprinkled on it to create decorative patterns. Plaiting method involves the braiding of strips of leather to hitch items together. Quirk- A small triangular piece of leather used between the fingers of a glove.

Scorching technique is applied on leather by first skand so forthhing or tracing patterns, motifs, drawings etc. on leather then a metal rod or soldering rod is heated and within the sizzling state used to burn alongside the lines traced onto the leather. Score is a reduce made by a flaying knife on the flesh side throughout removal of the skin from the carcass. Scudding- The removal of scud from unhaired hides by scrapping with a blade either by hand or machine.

Slat is a dried, untanned sheepskins with little or no wool. Slunk is the skin of an unborn or prematurely born animal particularly a calf. Skiver is the grain split of a sheepskin used for hat sweatbands and small leather goods. Shank refers back to the part of the shoe that comes under and supports the arch of the foot. Suede- Leather completed by buffing with an emery wheel to produce a napped surface.

Stamping- This is the creation of designs onto the leather materials utilizing heated stamps of varying designs.

Stuffing is the process of incorporating grease in leather by drumming the wet leather with warm, molten grease and oils. Tooling is an ornamental technique includes the creation of finely outlined patterns on a leather item. The leather materials is moisture or made damp. The outlined pattern is created with pencil onto the leather item. A spherical sharp-edged instrument which could be heated is made to undergo the outlines to create the sample on the leather item. Vamp is the decrease part of a shoe upper that is hooked up to the only real or welting. Veal is a large calfskin virtually as massive as a kip. Waxing is the application of wax on leather as a type of polish or finish. It can be applied to threads to strengthen them before they are used for sewing. Weaving is creating an interlaced design or pattern with totally different coloured strips of leather on a leather item.

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