Terminologies Utilized in The Area of Leatherwork

There are various terminologies in leatherwork. The leather artist should understand these terms. He should completely know their meanings so that he generally is a chief or exponent in the field. A few of these phrases in leatherwork are discussed.

Appliqué is an ornamental approach in leatherwork whereby a minimize out design is glued to the surface of the leather and sewn round it. Antique is a decorative treatment given to leather. It includes the giving of the leather a mellowed effect for it to look like an historical piece.

Bakometer is a hydrometer used for determining the particular gravity of tanning solutions. Bazaar is the selling of a wide range of products in leatherwork in a shop or store. Burnishing is a finishing approach in leatherwork that entails the making of the surface of the leather shiny by the use of rubbing its surface with a smooth instrument comparable to a bottle, the disc of a spoon, etc. Blushing is the dulling or mottling of the end of the leather resulting from condensed moisture during drying of the finish.

Channel is a slanting reduce made across the edge of an outsole or insole to provide a groove for the stitching and to keep the line of the thread below the surface of the leather. Checking is the separation of leather or composition heel lifts from each other. Crop is a side with the stomach trimmed off. Crocking is the transfer of finish or colour when leather is rubbed with a wet or dry cloth. Currying is a process of treating tanned hides with oils and greases to arrange them for a belting sole, harness leather etc.

Dyeing is a decorative technique of applying a liquid colouring agent to the leather materials in an ornamental manner to create pleasing effects on the leather. Dubbing/Dubbin is a mixture of oils and fats for stuffing leather.

Embossing is the creation of raised patterns on leather as an ornamental effect. It can be finished either by heating the surface of the leather with a stamping device or by laying a minimize out hardboard design and laying the leather on it. Exhibition is a public display of products as a way to appeal to viewers and buyers. Eyelet is an annular ring of metal or other material inserted in leather to provide a durable ring for lacing.

Goring is a woven material with rubber threads forming an elastic material. It is used as an insert in footwear. Incision is a decorative technique entails reducing the thickness of the leather around a marked out design on a leather materials by chipping away or chopping off, the identical as with wood or different materials. In-laying is an ornamental approach includes the slicing out of a drawn design (i.e. positive areas) and placing a new coloured leather piece under the cutout design thus, in-laying. The in-laid leather piece is maintained in position either by stitching, sewing or gluing. Lacing- This is the fastening collectively of a leather piece with a lace (a decorative open work that employs thread.)

Marbling is an ornamental technique whereby a chunk of leather is crumpled and dyes are sprinkled on it to create decorative patterns. Plaiting method entails the braiding of strips of leather to affix items together. Quirk- A small triangular piece of leather used between the fingers of a glove.

Scorching method is utilized on leather by first skand many othershing or tracing patterns, motifs, drawings etc. on leather then a metal rod or soldering rod is heated and within the sizzling state used to burn along the lines traced onto the leather. Rating is a lower made by a flaying knife on the flesh side during removal of the skin from the carcass. Scudding- The removal of scud from unhaired hides by scrapping with a blade either by hand or machine.

Slat is a dried, untanned sheepskins with little or no wool. Slunk is the skin of an unborn or prematurely born animal particularly a calf. Skiver is the grain split of a sheepskin used for hat sweatbands and small leather goods. Shank refers back to the part of the shoe that comes under and supports the arch of the foot. Suede- Leather completed by buffing with an emery wheel to produce a napped surface.

Stamping- This is the creation of designs onto the leather materials using heated stamps of various designs.

Stuffing is the process of incorporating grease in leather by drumming the wet leather with warm, molten grease and oils. Tooling is a decorative technique includes the creation of finely outlined patterns on a leather item. The leather materials is moisture or made damp. The outlined sample is created with pencil onto the leather item. A spherical sharp-edged tool which could be heated is made to go through the outlines to create the pattern on the leather item. Vamp is the decrease part of a shoe higher that is attached to the sole or welting. Veal is a big calfskin almost as massive as a kip. Waxing is the application of wax on leather as a type of polish or finish. It will also be applied to threads to strengthen them before they’re used for sewing. Weaving is creating an interlaced design or pattern with totally different coloured strips of leather on a leather item.

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